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Reference Number EP/P009050/1
Title Elucidation of membrane interface chemistry for electro-chemical processes
Status Completed
Energy Categories FOSSIL FUELS: OIL, GAS and COAL(CO2 Capture and Storage, CO2 capture/separation) 30%;
HYDROGEN and FUEL CELLS(Fuel Cells, Stationary applications) 35%;
HYDROGEN and FUEL CELLS(Fuel Cells, Mobile applications) 35%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Chemical Engineering) 100%
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Dr S Holmes
No email address given
Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science
University of Manchester
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 March 2017
End Date 31 August 2021
Duration 54 months
Total Grant Value £1,675,667
Industrial Sectors Energy
Region North West
Programme NC : Physical Sciences
 
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr S Holmes , Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, University of Manchester (99.995%)
  Other Investigator Professor P Martin , Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, University of Manchester (0.001%)
Professor IS (Ian ) Metcalfe , School of Chemical Engineering & Advanced Materials, Newcastle University (0.001%)
Dr SJ Haigh , Materials, University of Manchester (0.001%)
Dr D Brett , Chemical Engineering, University College London (0.001%)
Dr P Shearing , Chemical Engineering, University College London (0.001%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , C-Tech Innovation Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Johnson Matthey plc (0.000%)
Project Contact , ITM Power PLC (0.000%)
Project Contact , Horiba UK Ltd (0.000%)
Project Contact , Protochips Inc., USA (0.000%)
Web Site
Objectives
Abstract Fuel cells have been promoted as a pollution free alternative for energy generation. However, there are several constraints, based around the materials used, which have limited the implementation of this technology. This proposal provides the understanding of the chemical processes occurring in the materials and at the interfaces between the materials which drive the technology and the changes this chemistry causes to the materials. This will enable the design of fuel cell systems and choice of materials to mitigate these changes which reduce performance.The electro-chemical processes which occur in fuel cells (both high and low temperature systems) are not unique to this technology and to demonstrate the efficacy of the study across all temperature ranges (from room temperature to 1200oC) we will also look at the separation of CO2 using dual phase membranes. While still an emerging technology, these membranes encounter similar problems to fuel cells and are extremely exciting as potential short term solutions for existing energy generation systems where CO2 is generated.Several extremely powerful, cutting edge, analytical techniques are available which when applied in real time will allow the observation of the chemistry at atomic level. As a consequence the changes caused by operation of the system can be identified and explained. This project couples the application of existing state-of-the-art techniques with the development of these techniques where necessary to allow researchers to follow the changes as the chemical transformation of fuels into power, or CO2 separation, occur.The potential benefit of this work is that the route to market for all three technologies will be enhanced by a deeper understanding of the chemistry. Hence, the environmental potential of the adoption of these systems will be realised. In addition, the ability to follow processes within working systems will be of great interest to the scientific community working in parallel disciplines such as the design of barriers to prevent corrosion.
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 08/01/18