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Reference Number EP/X041387/1
Title Multiphase Flow Optimisation Strategies with Industrial Applications (MFLOPS)
Status Started
Energy Categories Renewable Energy Sources(Wind Energy) 5%;
Not Energy Related 80%;
Energy Efficiency(Transport) 5%;
Fossil Fuels: Oil Gas and Coal(Oil and Gas, Refining, transport and storage of oil and gas) 5%;
Hydrogen and Fuel Cells(Fuel Cells) 5%;
Research Types Basic and strategic applied research 100%
Science and Technology Fields PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS (Applied Mathematics) 20%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering) 80%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Professor M Gavaises

Sch of Engineering and Mathematical Sci
City University
Award Type Standard
Funding Source EPSRC
Start Date 01 January 2023
End Date 31 December 2026
Duration 48 months
Total Grant Value £795,754
Industrial Sectors
Region London
Programme UKRI MSCA
Investigators Principal Investigator Professor M Gavaises , Sch of Engineering and Mathematical Sci, City University (100.000%)
  Industrial Collaborator Project Contact , Perkins Engines Company Limited (0.000%)
Project Contact , Rolls-Royce PLC (0.000%)
Web Site
Abstract Efforts to reduce CO2 emissions require innovative and technologically viable solutions to be developed. Technology holds the greatest potential to help society address the challenges of designing energy efficient concepts at affordable prices. Among the wide envelope of factors, one core characteristic relevant to this proposal is the occurrence of multiphase flows, which are ubiquitous in nature and industry. For example, hydraulic turbomachines, ship propeller systems, and e-fuel injectors are compromised by the occurrence of catastrophic cavitation. In the field of power generation, boiling heat transfer is the predominant energy conversion method. Multiphase flows for immiscible fluids seem to hold the key to the efficient design of emerging electrification technologies of the transport sector, such as battery thermal management systems and Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cells for innovative aviation propulsion systems, as well as in the design of energy efficient marine vessels. Optimisation methods for designing efficient systems are largely missing from the relevant technological sectors. MFLOPS aspires to develop coupled multiphase flow and optimisation methods, including adjoint methods, and apply them to cases specified by MFLOPS's non-academic beneficiaries and partners. This coupling of research with industry makes MFLOPS a truly innovative network for Doctoral researchers to start their career. A holistic training is provided by scientists and industry leaders to facilitate the accomplishment of the scientific tasks and to apply them to industrial practice. Additional networking, transferable skills and rigorous scientific training on the relevant topics make MFLOPS awell-connected cohort of future leaders with the ability to communicate across disciplines, aiming to support European industries, while been heavily involved in the public mandate for global CO2 reduction
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 01/02/23