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Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number NIA_NGN_114
Title H21 Leeds Citygate
Status Completed
Energy Categories Fossil Fuels: Oil Gas and Coal(Oil and Gas, Refining, transport and storage of oil and gas) 25%;
Hydrogen and Fuel Cells(Hydrogen, Hydrogen end uses (incl. combustion; excl. fuel cells)) 25%;
Hydrogen and Fuel Cells(Hydrogen, Hydrogen transport and distribution) 50%;
Research Types Applied Research and Development 100%
Science and Technology Fields SOCIAL SCIENCES (Economics and Econometrics) 25%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering) 50%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Project Contact
No email address given
Northern Gas Networks
Award Type Network Innovation Allowance
Funding Source Ofgem
Start Date 01 January 2015
End Date 01 April 2017
Duration 27 months
Total Grant Value £266,400
Industrial Sectors Technical Consultancy
Region Yorkshire & Humberside
Programme Network Innovation Allowance
Investigators Principal Investigator Project Contact , Northern Gas Networks (99.999%)
  Other Investigator Project Contact , Wales and West Utilities (0.001%)
Web Site http://www.smarternetworks.org/project/NIA_NGN_114
Objectives To produce a report capped at 100 pages covering the challenges, benefits, risks and opportunities of converting a major UK to city, Leeds, to a hydrogen network using the existing gas network. Produce a design scenario for Leeds city gas network converted to a Hydrogen Network. Complete a research review and study in Steam Methane Reforming, including international learningComplete a review into Power to Gas Technology and its impact on Leeds CityComplete an impact assessment of the gas appliance population within Leeds based on a hydrogen networkComplete an impact assessment on the existing gas network within Leeds of the introduction of hydrogen, based on international trials and best practiceUndertake an assessment on the potential use of a hydrogen delivered via a network on road vehiclesRe-model the Leeds Gas Network based on hydrogen conversion including costs and customer impactBased on the learning from all stages undertake a holistic review of the conversion process with detailed conversion strategy, costs, timescales, benefits and challengesProduce a detailed planning report on the project for dissemination to the energy sector
Abstract Hydrogen could also be an alternative fuel for heating in future, although there are significant uncertainties over its availability and cost. If available at a competitive price, it could be transported through the existing gas distribution networks to provide heat in buildings, but like biomethane there are also competing potential uses in transport and industry. As one of the more innovative potential solutions for the future, hydrogen as an option is generally not well represented in existing analyses and warrants further work. (source Future Heat Series Part 1, Pathways for Heat: Low Carbon Heat for Buildings, Carbon Connect)There are substantial uncertainties regarding the production, cost and delivery of hydrogen as well as its most economic uses in the energy system in the future. Delivery is a critical issue for its use in buildings, and the representation of hydrogen options suffers from the difficulty of representing the spatial element of networks in energy system models. One of the options includes converting parts of the existing gas network to a Hydrogen Network. If existing gas networks could be converted for use with hydrogen at reasonable cost, this could avoid some of the issues that building new district heat networks or upgrading the electricity system to carry heat demand could entail. This would have greatest benefits in some of GB’s larger urban cities, like Leeds. Some of the GB network was originally converted from town gas (which is primarily hydrogen), particularly in city center environments, and parts are currently being converted to plastic pipes, which are more suitable for carrying hydrogen. However at present, understanding of the costs of new infrastructure or conversion remains poor, and as a result these options are inconsistently modelled across the pathways. Without a specific modelled example based on a GB based location these uncertainties will remain. To undertake a holistic research project to assess the feasibility of converting one of the UK’s largest cities to a Hydrogen Network. Redesign an existing network, which is highly suitable for a transition to Hydrogen, to take into account all available research and develop effective options. Research the viability and requirements to meet future demand of Steam Methane ReformingAssess the impact and commercial viability of power to gas technology to support hydrogen suppliesUndertake a review and assessment on the impact of differing levels of hydrogen on gas appliance within Leeds cityWork with the road transport industry to assess the benefits of using a converted gas network to deliver hydrogen to road usersUndertake an impact review on the gas network with conversion costs and customer impact assessmentUndertake an academic review of the whole conversion and complete a comprehensive reportNote : Project Documents may be available via the ENA Smarter Networks Portal using the Website link above
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 20/08/18