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Projects: Projects for Investigator
Reference Number NIA_WWU_022
Title Gas CHP Impact Study
Status Completed
Energy Categories Fossil Fuels: Oil Gas and Coal(Oil and Gas, Other oil and gas) 100%;
Research Types Applied Research and Development 100%
Science and Technology Fields SOCIAL SCIENCES (Economics and Econometrics) 25%;
SOCIAL SCIENCES (Business and Management Studies) 25%;
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering) 50%;
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 50%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Policy and regulation) 25%;
Sociological economical and environmental impact of energy (Technology acceptance) 25%;
Principal Investigator Project Contact
No email address given
Northern Gas Networks
Award Type Network Innovation Allowance
Funding Source Ofgem
Start Date 01 May 2015
End Date 01 February 2017
Duration 21 months
Total Grant Value £116,084
Industrial Sectors Technical Consultancy
Region Yorkshire & Humberside
Programme Network Innovation Allowance
Investigators Principal Investigator Project Contact , Northern Gas Networks (99.999%)
  Other Investigator Project Contact , Wales and West Utilities (0.001%)
Web Site http://www.smarternetworks.org/project/NIA_WWU_022
Objectives The objective of this Project is to undertake the following tasks :

Stage 1 : Characterisation of different gas-CHP technologies by size, type, heat: power ratio, gas pressure/ramp rate/volume requirements, and by their typical applications / markets (domestic and non-domestic), including consideration of diurnal operating profiles, seasonality, etc. Identification of commercial, technical and regulatory barriers to the widespread deployment of each technology, or potential negative impacts on GDNs - identified based on known technology characteristics and gas network operating parameters High-level assessment of the relevant business models for GDN engagement with gas CHP and the potential benefits available to GDNs from the widespread deployment of the technology in each of these potential markets - evaluated and quantified at a network-wide levelOutline strategic recommendations for GDN companies to engage with different gas CHP technologies, in order to maximise the benefits available to them, or avoid major issues identified with the widespread deployment of each technology - as well as recommendations for particular focus areas for further investigation in stage 2

Stage 2 : Based on the stage 1 analysis, a more in-depth analysis of the benefits and challenges to GDNs of the widespread deployment of the most relevant gas CHP technologies will be undertaken. Gas flow modelling will be undertaken, in order to quantify the magnitude of the impact of gas CHP technologies in high potential applications and on each relevant section (IP, MP, LP, etc. ) of the distribution network. A more in-depth analysis of the commercial models for GDNs to engage with the most relevant gas CHP technologies will also be undertaken, including additional data collected through consultation with GDN companies and gas-CHP technology providers.

A detailed strategy for GDN companies to engage with selected gas CHP technologies, including specific, timed and detailed actions for individual teams within the gas network partners, to ensure GDNs are able to access the benefits identified, or avoid the barriers identified for the widespread deployment of gas CHP on their networks - including quantified trigger points for actions where necessary.

. The success criteria for the Project are:
  • A clear understanding & definition of widespread uptake
  • A clear identification of the benefits that could be available from engaging with the widespread deployment of selected gas CHP technologies and evaluation of the business models that could be employed by GDNs to access these benefits
  • Clear identification and quantification of technical/commercial/regulatory challenges to GDNs from the widespread deployment of gas CHP technologies
  • Clear recommendations for next steps for GDNs to engage with the most relevant gas CHP technologies, to mitigate any negative effects and maximise benefits from their deployments
Abstract The potential market for gas Combined Heat & Power (CHP) is growing, particularly as new technologies such as fuel cell CHP become closer to commercialization. Currently there are a number of gas CHP technology types, across a wide range of scales, each with differing characteristics and relevance to different applications & markets. Depending on the application and system scale, they will connect to different parts of the gas network and so create different issues for network operators such as pressure drops, increased energy losses and the need to supply increased ramp rates. To date there has been little research on the technical and commercial implications of more widespread deployment of these technologies on the gas distribution networks. GDNs need to understand these potential impacts on network operation in order to devise appropriate strategies for engaging with the technology. Equally the GDNs need to appreciate the potential benefits that can be achieved with greater deployment of these devices on their networks. The project will be split into two stages -Stage 1 will provide a high level assessment of the scale of impacts of deployment of gas CHP, across a range of sizes, markets and different technology types, the potential benefits to GDNs and barriers to accessing the benefits. The potential models for GDN engagement will be considered at high-level, in order to identify and quantify the value streams arising. Stage 1 will produce a set of outline recommendations for GDN engagement with the most relevant technologies and also identify areas of focus for Stage 2. Stage 2 will involve significantly more in-depth analysis of the technologies highlighted as being the most relevant to GDNs in Phase 1 and their interaction with distribution networks (including some network modelling where appropriate). It will provide an understanding of the system benefits of mCHP deployment and the financial value that could be derived and provide a limited view of the impact of this deployment on networks. Also included is a consultation exercise with stakeholders (to include at least the Gas distribution Network (GDNs), mCHP manufacturers and electricity network operators) that will identify system benefits and innovative business models to overcome societal, technological and regulatory barriers to the deployment of mCHP.Note : Project Documents may be available via the ENA Smarter Networks Portal using the Website link above
Publications (none)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 20/08/18