Projects: Projects for Investigator
|Title||Real Time Efficiency Measurements for Utility Boilers|
|Energy Categories||Other Power and Storage Technologies(Electric power conversion) 20%;
Fossil Fuels: Oil Gas and Coal(Coal, Coal combustion) 80%;
|Research Types||Applied Research and Development 100%|
|Science and Technology Fields||ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY 100%|
|UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation||Not Cross-cutting 100%|
Mr P (Paul ) Phillips
No email address given
Casella CRE Energy Ltd
|Start Date||01 January 2002|
|End Date||01 December 2004|
|Total Grant Value||£110,005|
|Investigators||Principal Investigator||Mr P (Paul ) Phillips , Casella CRE Energy Ltd (99.997%)|
|Other Investigator|| Project Contact , University of Leeds (0.001%)
Project Contact , TXU UK Limited (0.001%)
Project Contact , Alstom Combustion Services Ltd (0.001%)
Pulverised coal-fired utility plant is under increasing pressure to operate at the highest possible efficiency, while remaining within the limits set by regulatory bodies on environmental pollutants. Because fuel costs are the single largest factor in power station operations, even small savings made here are highly desirable in real terms. It is for this reason that utility companies world-wide are investing in control strategies that maximise the efficiency of boiler operation through the control of important boiler variables in, or as near to, real-time as possible. In the UK, the recent introduction of Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) mandates plant operators to operate at the highest practicable efficiency, and this provides an additional impetus to achieve improvementsto operating practice that result in efficiency gains.
Specific objectives are:
For the best control over boiler operation, it is necessary to utilise easily measured boiler parameters that respond quickly to the changes in the combustion environment. This is usually done by the continuous monitoring of excess oxygen and carbon monoxide concentrations. An additional and valuable measurement of boiler combustion efficiency is the carbon-infly-ash concentration. However, this requires an extractive sampling technique, and even the latest generation of carbon-in-ash analysers operates on a semi-batch basis, and so cannot give real-time data.
There is clearly a need for an on-line technique that is robust, relatively simple to operate and maintain, and that gives highquality validated information on a combustion efficiency. Such a technique could be readily utilised in existing control systems and the development of a real-time combustion efficiency analyser is the focus of this proposal.
The combustion products that have been selected as the basis of the proposed technique are PAHs. Studies undertaken on plant in the United States suggest that PAH formation is sufficiently sensitive to changes in the combustion environment to give better quality information then oxygen, carbon monoxide, or even carbon-in-ash measurements.
Recent developments in photoelectric aerosol sensors (PAS) have led to instruments capable of real-time analysis of total particlebound PAHs. The best of these can undertake measurements in parts per trillion and are capable of determining PAHs which contain three or more things.
It is proposed to develop a methodology based on PAS technology for obtaining quantitative data on combustion efficiency through a programme of work at laboratory-, pilot reg- and fill-scale testing.
|Publications||DTI (2002) Real-Time Efficiency Measurements For Utility Boilers: Project Profile 327. DTI Cleaner Coal Technology Programme, URN 02/1020, DTI, UK (PDF 83 KB)
DTI (2005) Real Time Efficiency Measurement In Utility Boilers - Remub: Project Summary 327. DTI Cleaner Coal Technology Programme, DTI/Pub FES 05/1689, DTI, UK (PDF 323 KB)
|Added to Database||01/01/07|