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Storage Appraisal - Appendix A5.5 - Representative Structure Modelling of Aquifers with Identified Structure

Citation Masters, J. Storage Appraisal - Appendix A5.5 - Representative Structure Modelling of Aquifers with Identified Structure, ETI, 2011. https://doi.org/10.5286/UKERC.EDC.000932.
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Author(s) Masters, J.
Project partner(s) RPS Energy Ltd, Senergy (Lead Coordinator), British Geological Survey, Durham University, Herriot Watt University, Imperial College, University of Edinburgh, Element Energy, Geopressure Technology, Geospatial Research Ltd , Senergy - DB hosting
Publisher ETI
DOI https://doi.org/10.5286/UKERC.EDC.000932
Download CCS_CC1001_16.pdf document type
Abstract This document is a supporting document to deliverable MS6.1 UK Storage Appraisal Final Report. This is Appendix A5.5: Representative Structure Modelling of Aquifers with Identified Structure.

The project did not seek to collect structural data on saline traps, but some data were available for dome structures in the Bunter form ation of the southern basin. As a result this storage type is the least numerous in the CarbonStore database, nonetheless its storage capacity is of particular interest, as such stores could combine the advantages of both open aquifers and pressure cells through structural containment with potentially less pressure restriction.

The storage capacity of the Bunter domes has been estimated previously on a volumetric basis, assuming a pore volume utilisation of 40%. The dynamic modelling work undertaken in this project improved these estimates byinvestigating pore volume utilisat ion and pressure interference between domes in a multi-injection scenario. The Bunter Formation was sub-divided into areal Zones and each of these Zones is classed as separate, but open, storage Units in CarbonStore. Zone 4 was selected for detailed study here as it contains the majority of the Bunter domes and so makes a significant contribution to the volumetric storage capacity in the Bunter domes.

The dynamic work on structural traps involved material balance Representative Structure modelling of CO2 injection into all the Zone 4 domes described in this report and fine scale Exemplar modelling of injection into up to three selected neighbouring domes. Three versions of the Representative Structure model were constructed based on the minimum, most likely and maximum properties in CarbonStore. Most simulations assumed injectioninto all domes simultaneously. Injection was constrained by fracture pressure limits for each dome and the parent aquifer itself, set by data from CarbonStore. A rough optimisation of injection well numbers was performed as usually a point of diminishing added value was reached for additional wells.

Injection into a single dome to estimate the time required to fill the dome to the maximum assumed pore volume utilisation gave long filling times in excess of 100 years for large domes, despite using many wells. Injection into all domes simultaneously indicated significantpressure interference. Both these findings substantially reduced achievable storage capacities on likely project timescales, suggesting that these domes have achievable capacities substantially less than the maximum capacity indicated by the buoyant capacity limit
Associated Project(s) ETI-CC1001: UK Storage Appraisal Project (UKSAP)
Associated Dataset(s)

UK Storage Appraisal Project

CO2 Stored Database

Associated Publication(s)

2007 - 2017 - 10 years of innovation - Carbon Capture and Storage

ETI Insights Report - Building the UK carbon capture and storage sector by 2030 - scenarios and actions

ETI: Innovation Learnings - Carbon Capture and Storage

Infographic - Reducing the cost of CCS

Infographic - Taking Stock of UK CO2 Storage

Storage Appraisal – Project Insights

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A3.1 - Storage Unit Characterisation

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A4.1 - Pressure Buildup During CO2 Injection into a Closed Brine Aquifer

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A4.2 - Well Penetrations and Production in Oil and Gas Fields

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A5.1 - Summary of Dynamic Modelling Scoping Studies

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A5.3 - Representative Structure Modelling of Dipping Open Saline Aquifers

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A5.4 - Storage Capacity in Large Open Aquifers Examplar : Base Case Simulation and Sensitivities to Top Surface and Heterogeneity

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A5.6 - Exemplar Modelling and Dynamic Simulation of Bunter Sandstone Formation Closures in the Southern North Sea

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A5.7 - Dynamic Modelling of Pressure Cells Using Representative Structures

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A5.8 - Interjectivity Related Geomechanical Modelling of Large Open Aquifers

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A6.1 - Security of Storage

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A6.2 - Security of Storage (Appendices)

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A8.1 - Technical Specification for the UKSAP WDG Application

Storage Appraisal - Executive Summary

Storage Appraisal - One Page Summary

Storage Appraisal - UK Storage Appraisal Project - Final Report

Storage Appraisal - United Kingdom CO2 Storage Capacity Appraisal - Request for Proposal

Storage Appraisal - User Guide for the Web-enabled Database and Geographical Information System

Storage Appraisal - WP5 - Web-enabled Database and GIS Specification

Storage Appraisal - WP9 Final Report - Business and Regulatory Models for offshore CO2transport and storage in the late 2020s and beyond

Storage Appraisal- Approach for Dynamic Modelling of CO2 Storage in Deep Saline Aquifers - Summary Report

Taking Stock of UK CO2 Storage

UK Storage Appraisal Project (UKSAP) Database Analysis Project - Request for Proposal