UKERC Energy Data Centre: ETI Publications



Taking Stock of UK CO2 Storage


Citation Gammer, D. Taking Stock of UK CO2 Storage, ETI, 2017. https://doi.org/10.5286/UKERC.EDC.000068.
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Author(s) Gammer, D.
Project partner(s) ETI
Publisher ETI
DOI https://doi.org/10.5286/UKERC.EDC.000068
Download Taking-stock-of-UK-CO2-storage-final.pdf document type
Abstract Termination of the most recent Government CCS Commercialisation competition late in 2015 was a major setback for the decarbonisation of the fossil power and industrial sectors in the UK. Now the dust has settled, we review in this paper what we have learned about the CO2 storage aspects of CCS in particular, and other aspects of CCS that have changed over the last few years, since we first published our analysis of the UK’s CO2 storage options in 2013.

At the point of cancellation, the two competing projects, Peterhead and White Rose, were advanced in terms of carrying out engineering and appraisal work, and some of the information gained by the projects has now been published by the government on its CCS website. The UK Government also funded the Strategic UK Storage Appraisal Project (S.SAP Project), via the ETI in 2015/16, in which a consortiumled by Pale Blue Dot (PBD) partially appraised several other potential CO2 stores in UK waters, and this work has also been published. We will step back from the “two-horse race” of two years ago and examine different issues affecting the starting point for the CCS projects we believe are necessary to deeper decarbonise our power, industrial and potentially domestic energy use.

Internationally, in the short period since the cancellation of the projects, confidence in the technical success of the industry has grown with successful operation of plants including Quest, Sask Power and recently Petra Nova, all in North America. However, key stakeholder confidence in the UK has been eroded by successive competition cancellations, and a clearer picture of risk allocation within the project chain and value recognition is needed to regain momentum
  • In recent years Government funding has supported the initial appraisal of several offshore CO2 storage options in the Southern and Central North Sea and East Irish Seas. Appraisal work completed to date is encouraging, and completion of this alone would present a sizeable, diverse and low cost CO2 storage offering
  • There is more than enough potential storage capacity to meet the UK’s needs for CO2 storage to 2050 and well beyond, even in high Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) deployment scenarios
  • Based on the appraisal work to date, there are no technical barriers to the storage of CO2 in offshore stores that would limit the CCS industry developing at scale in the UK
  • Large-scale stores (capable of storing over 3MT/a) are essential for low cost CO2 storage, but some UK stores could allow an investment to “start small and build” to de-risk elements of the project, and then grow fast subsequently with low regret
  • The contribution CCS can make to decarbonising the industrial sector is considerable, including a few opportunities with low capture costs (ammonia, H2, biofuels).However, due to their scale, the unit costs of transport and storage from most industrial projects will be high, and these will not catalyse new CCS infrastructure. Conversely, when this infrastructure has been provided, industry can join storage networks at acceptable costs
  • In spite of the demise of local coal-fired power stations, the Humber estuary (and to a lesser extent Tees and Thames) will still have a very large existing emission base, good sites for large new low carbon power stations and industry, and access to large, low cost, offshore storage sites.
Associated Project(s) ETI-CC1001: UK Storage Appraisal Project (UKSAP)
Associated Dataset(s) No associated datasets
Associated Publication(s)

2007 - 2017 - 10 years of innovation - Carbon Capture and Storage

ETI Insights Report - Building the UK carbon capture and storage sector by 2030 - scenarios and actions

ETI: Innovation Learnings - Carbon Capture and Storage

Infographic - Reducing the cost of CCS

Infographic - Taking Stock of UK CO2 Storage

Storage Appraisal – Project Insights

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A3.1 - Storage Unit Characterisation

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A4.1 - Pressure Buildup During CO2 Injection into a Closed Brine Aquifer

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A4.2 - Well Penetrations and Production in Oil and Gas Fields

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A5.1 - Summary of Dynamic Modelling Scoping Studies

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A5.3 - Representative Structure Modelling of Dipping Open Saline Aquifers

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A5.4 - Storage Capacity in Large Open Aquifers Examplar : Base Case Simulation and Sensitivities to Top Surface and Heterogeneity

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A5.5 - Representative Structure Modelling of Aquifers with Identified Structure

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A5.6 - Exemplar Modelling and Dynamic Simulation of Bunter Sandstone Formation Closures in the Southern North Sea

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A5.7 - Dynamic Modelling of Pressure Cells Using Representative Structures

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A5.8 - Interjectivity Related Geomechanical Modelling of Large Open Aquifers

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A6.1 - Security of Storage

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A6.2 - Security of Storage (Appendices)

Storage Appraisal - Appendix A8.1 - Technical Specification for the UKSAP WDG Application

Storage Appraisal - Executive Summary

Storage Appraisal - One Page Summary

Storage Appraisal - UK Storage Appraisal Project - Final Report

Storage Appraisal - United Kingdom CO2 Storage Capacity Appraisal - Request for Proposal

Storage Appraisal - User Guide for the Web-enabled Database and Geographical Information System

Storage Appraisal - WP5 - Web-enabled Database and GIS Specification

Storage Appraisal - WP9 Final Report - Business and Regulatory Models for offshore CO2transport and storage in the late 2020s and beyond

Storage Appraisal- Approach for Dynamic Modelling of CO2 Storage in Deep Saline Aquifers - Summary Report

UK Storage Appraisal Project (UKSAP) Database Analysis Project - Request for Proposal