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Reference Number DTI/CC/208
Title UK Collaboration with Netherlands and Australian NOx Reduction Research Using Overfire Air Staging.
Status Completed
Energy Categories FOSSIL FUELS: OIL, GAS and COAL(Coal, Coal combustion) 80%;
OTHER POWER and STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES(Electric power conversion) 20%;
Research Types Applied Research and Development 100%
Science and Technology Fields ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY 100%
UKERC Cross Cutting Characterisation Not Cross-cutting 100%
Principal Investigator Dr J (John ) Gibbins
No email address given
Sch of Engineering and Electronics
University of Edinburgh
Award Type 3
Funding Source DTI
Start Date 01 January 2001
End Date 01 July 2003
Duration 30 months
Total Grant Value £29,423
Industrial Sectors
Region Scotland
Programme
 
Investigators Principal Investigator Dr J (John ) Gibbins , Sch of Engineering and Electronics, University of Edinburgh (99.994%)
  Other Investigator Project Contact , KEMA (0.001%)
Project Contact , RWE npower plc (0.001%)
Project Contact , TXU UK Limited (0.001%)
Project Contact , E.ON UK (formerly PowerGen) (0.001%)
Project Contact , Babcock International Group plc (0.001%)
Project Contact , Monash University London Centre (0.001%)
Web Site
Objectives

Recent collaboration between KEMA, Imperial College and Hemweg power station shows that under the deep air staging achievable with a combination of low NOx burners and furnace air staging, NOx from combustion of the nitrogen in the char, can account for all the exit NOx with a high degree of accuracy. This work extends previous high temperature wire mesh (HTWM) studies at ICSTM, including two previous DTI projects, examining the relationship between NOx from aerodynamically air staged low NOx burners, principally Mitsui Babcock MkIII, and char nitrogen. With aerodynamic air staging alone, however, higher apparent char N conversions and additional NOx contributions from thermal and possibly other sources were observed and data from a number of different plants had to be used to cover a similar range of coals.

The trends observed in the Hemweg/HTWM data yield very important fundamental information for NOx reduction technologies which could not be obtained by laboratory scale tests alone. DTI funding for the UK components in the project is being requested to allow he KEMA/Hemweg/ICSTM collaboration to be continued so that additional coals and blends can be tested to extend and to give higher reliance to the trends observed above. The main objectives of the project are:

  • to test coal samples collected by the overseas collaborators at Imperial College using the establishedHTWM test for char N content. Selected coals will be also be tested for char reactivity
  • to maximise the information exchange with overseas research programmes ICSTM staff will make two visits to the Netherlands and a single visit to Australia
  • to disseminate information to UK industry participating in the steering committee through six monthly meetings and reports. Results will also be presented at appropriate Coal Research Forum meetings and in the scientific literature, which shou ld ensure a high coverage for relevant UK industries
Abstract

The work proposed provides a basis for the application of a new standard test that is pertinent to pulverised coal combustion. There may also be scope for links with ongoing projects currently being supported by the DTI Cleaner Coal Programme and their follow-on phases for example the development of a burner for the wall firing of low volatile coals and the collaborative burnout project.

The proposed research addresses the research and development priority areas identified b y the Foresight Task Force including the impact of coal quality on turndown, burnout and NOx formation and the acquisition of data on and modelling of combustion performance of coals. NOx reduction through the integration of boiler and burners and development of improved and novel processes plus low NOx burners will also be addressed.

Publications DTI (2001) AUk Collaboration With Netherlands And Australian Nox Reduction Research Using Overfire Air Staging: Project Profile 297. DTI Cleaner Coal Technology Programme, URN 01/993, DTI, UK (PDF 46 KB)
Final Report (none)
Added to Database 01/01/07