go to top scroll for more

Spatio-temporal heat demand for LSOAs in England and Wales


Annual heat demand data for England and Wales at Lower Layer Super Output Area (LSOA) level, before and after energy efficiency measures. Normalised half-hourly profiles for heat production and energy consumption of different heating technologies. Costs for energy efficiency measures by local authority. The three datasets available for download include:

  1. Annual heat demand data before and after adopting energy efficiency measures for 16 dwelling categories for all the LSOAs in England and Wales.
  2. Normalised half-hourly profiles for the heat production and energy consumption of air-source heat pumps, ground source heat pumps, gas boilers and resistance heaters based on the UK average daily outside air temperature profile from 2013
  3. The estimated costs to implement the energy efficiency measures to reach the annual heat demand displayed in the annual heat demand dataset, for each local authority in England and Wales.

This data set was updated on 14/10/2021. The top-level folder holds the latest version and a README file detailing the changes. The original version is retained in a sub-folder.


Alexandre Canet, Cardiff University


Cardiff University

Citation (APA Style 7th Edition):

Alexandre Canet, Cardiff University (2021). Spatio-temporal heat demand for LSOAs in England and Wales [Data set]. Cardiff University. https://doi.org/10.5286/ukerc.edc.000944

Field Dates:

20/05/2021 - 01/01/2049

Data Date Range:

20/05/2021 - 01/01/2049

Data type:


Data format:




Number of Units:


Unit Type:


Number of Records:



location, area, heat demand by dwelling type, number of dwellings by type, annual heat demand before and after efficiency measures, local authority, road length, rurality, efficiency costs, half-hourly heat production, half-hourly energy consumption.